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RSSI signal strength display

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1.    RSSI introduction

RSSI isgenerally used to describe the strength of wireless signals, that is, Receivedsignal strength indication. Refers to the signal strength when receivingwirelessly. It is related to the transmit power of the wireless module, thedesign of the RF front end, and the gain of the antenna. The unit is the unitof power, which is generally expressed in dBm.

Thesignal-to-noise ratio (SNR) is also calculated by RSSI, SNR = Signal/NoiseRatio, which is the power ratio of signal to noise.

2.     Display of RSSI of wireless products

For the displayof the RSSI signal strength, the modules of different wireless chip solutionsexhibit different values, and in general, there are multiple RSSI distinctionsfor different wireless chip manufacturers. Many wireless chips have two RSSIs,one is the receive packet RSSI and the other is the RSSI in the environment.

The receivingpacket RSSI is the register value of the signal strength of the currentlyreceived data after the wireless module of the receiving segment receives thedata, that is, the receiving module obtains the signal strength currently sentby the transmitting module.

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The RSSI valuein the environment is also the frequency noise. When the wireless module is inthe receiving state, the intensity of the radio frequency signal in the samefrequency band in the current environment can be detected.

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For the receiving packet RSSI, the RSII value can be generatedonly after the module receives the data normally; and the RSSI value in theenvironment can detect the signal strength in the current environment at anytime as long as the module is in the receiving state. From the detectionconditions, the RSSI value in the environment has a wider detection range,which is more suitable for users to use RSSI.

3.    RSSI Application of signalstrength in wireless transmission

3.1     RSSI Networkingapplication of signal strength in wireless transmission

When the radio frequency is set up, itis necessary to detect whether there is a wireless module in the same frequencyband to transmit. Therefore, it is necessary to use the RSSI value forjudgment. For example, No. 1 needs to send data to the host. At this time, itenters the RSSI mode to detect the frequency noise in the environment, andjudges whether the transmission is currently allowed to avoid the interferencetransmitted simultaneously in the same frequency band.

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3.2     RSSI Application of signalstrength in distance test

Inpractical applications, it is sometimes necessary to detect the distancebetween two devices, or use the RSSI signal strength to detect, and convert thecurrent RSSI value into a distance to determine the spacing between devices.

Thismethod can only estimate the distance roughly. The power supply of the moduleand the gain of the antenna have a great influence on the RSSI, because in thiscase, the conditions such as the same antenna gain, environmental space andpower supply stability are required to be relatively close. Distance value.

3.3     RSSI Application of signalstrength in positioning

RSSI signal strength is also used inpositioning applications, through a three-point positioning method. The deviceto be tested is in a triangular area of the fixed device. When the device undertest sends radio frequency information, the fixed device can calculate thespecific location of the device through the current three RSSI values.

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4.    Support RSSI signal strengthdisplay product example

The productexample is as long as the product of Chengdu Yiyite Electronic Technology Co.,Ltd. is taken as an example. Chengdu Yiyite Electronic Technology Co., Ltd. isa company specializing in wireless underlying development. The company'swireless products are mainly used for other secondary companies for productdevelopment. Therefore, the functions of the wireless serial port and otherproducts are rich in integration. Power consumption is very low. Among them,E43, E41, E70, E71 and other products all support RSSI function. Billion'swireless products are abundant, and there are wireless modules in the bands of170M, 230M, 433M, 495M, 868M, 915M, 2.4G, etc. There are also many Bluetoothand WFI products. No user development is required, and serial port or 485\232is used directly. Data transfer is possible. The internal controllers of theproducts are basically realized by imported materials, with stable performance,abundant resources and low power consumption. Interested readers can go to theofficial website of the company to learn about their RSSI function in wirelessproducts, there are many things worth learning and learning, the officialwebsite: http://www.cdebyte.com/. There are also a lot of information about STM8Land wireless RF chips, as well as the features of the company's products,including wireless products that transmit tens of kilometers and wirelessproducts that have strong wall penetration.

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